Copenhagen - On Road to a Zero Carbon City

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2025 Climate Plan

The 2025 Climate Plan was the cornerstone of Copenhagen's efforts to achieve a carbon neutral status. The plan, prepared in 2012, was proposed to be a holistic one and also a collection of specific goals. Four areas were identified for focused attention "energy consumption, energy production, mobility, and city administration. The plan aimed to create a green, smart, and carbon neutral Copenhagen. It envisaged close cooperation between all stakeholders" government, businesses, knowledge institutions, and the citizens.

It noted that the city had been successful in achieving the 20 per cent reduction (compared to 2005) which it was supposed to accomplish in 2015 by 2011 itself. It was estimated that Copenhagen would emit 1.9 million tonnes of CO2 in 2012. The emission was expected to be brought down to 1.16 million tonnes by 2025. For this to happen the city had to use less energy, change energy production to green energy, and also produce a surplus of green energy to compensate for the emissions that would continue to be generated beyond 2025.

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Energy Consumption

Heat and electricity consumption contributed to 75 per cent of the total CO2 emissions in the city. Added to this, the city population was expected to grow by 100,000 by 2025. Also, space was to be provided for 20,000 additional jobs. There was a need to improve the efficiency of energy usage. The climate plan aimed at a 20 per cent reduction in electricity consumption in commercial and service companies, 10 per cent reduction in electricity consumption in households, and 1 per cent reduction in electricity consumption through the use of solar cells.

Energy Production

Measures taken in the area of energy production were expected to contribute to a reduction of 855,000 tonnes of CO2. These comprised the use of wind turbines (42 per cent), biomass fired combined heat and power plants (43 per cent), separation of plastic from burnable waste(12 per cent), and conversion to biomass fired peak load production (3 per cent). District heating was to be made carbon neutral. More than 100 wind turbines were to be installed by 2025. The plan aimed to ensure that electricity production from wind, biomass, geothermal, and waste was more than the electricity consumption of the city.


Transportation caused 22 per cent of the carbon discharged from Copenhagen. Initiatives in this area targeted achieving a reduction of 135,000 tonnes of CO2. The major initiatives planned were - 75 per cent of all trips by people to be made on foot, by bike, or by public transportation; 50 per cent of trips to work or school to be made by bike; 20 per cent more people to use public transportation; 20 to 30 per cent of light vehicles to run on new fuels like electricity, hydrogen, biogas, or ethanol; and 30 to 40 per cent of heavy vehicles to run on new fuels. Public transport was to be made carbon neutral.

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