Introduction to Human Resource Management
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Chapter 6 : Recruitment
Concept of Recruitment, Factors Affecting Recruitment, Organizational
Factors, Environmental Factors, Recruitment Policy, Sources of Recruitment,
Internal Search, External Sources, Need for Flexible and Proactive
Recruitment Policy, Evaluation of Recruitment Program
Recruitment is the process of seeking and attracting the right kind of people
to apply for a job in an organization. Recruitment in any organization is
effected by various internal and external factors. Internal factors include
the recruitment policy, time and cost constraints etc. External factors
include the situation in the economy, the job market, the industry etc.
The recruitment policy of an organization effectively defines and determines
the pattern, the sources and the methods of recruitment of the firm. A good
recruitment policy is based on the organization's objectives, complies with
the government policy, and results in successful placements in the
organization at the minimum cost and time. It provides the basic framework
in the form of guidelines, procedures and sources for recruitment.
A good recruitment policy has to be flexible and proactively respond to the
changing market situations. There are various sources of recruitment
available for an organization. The organization has to choose the most
suitable ones depending on its recruitment needs and its recruitment policy.
The different sources are internal sources (recruitment from within the
organization) and external sources like campus recruitments, advertisements,
employment agencies, etc.
The organization has to take into consideration the relevance and
effectiveness of each source before selecting the sources for its
recruitment program. Recruitment strategies, objectives, policies and the
sources and methods need to be evaluated continuously to ensure their
alignment with corporate strategies, objectives, and policies. The
effectiveness and efficiency of the recruitment tools and sources can also
be evaluated from time to time and changes made, to match the current and
future recruitment needs of the organization.