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Case Code: CLIBE034
Case Length: 4 pages 
Period: --  
Pub Date: 2005
Teaching Note: Not Available
Subject :Business Environment
Organization :--
Industry :--
Countries : --

Urbanization in India and its impact on environment *



The growing pollution levels in India form the subject matter of this caselet. The threatening pollution levels in the urban areas and the reasons for the inability to control pollution in the country are discussed. The caselet also examines the measures being taken by the Indian government to counter the growing pollution levels.
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  • Is India acting as the bane of the world where global environmental pollution is concerned?
  • Urbanization and increasing pollution levels.
  • Reasons for inability to control pollution in India.
  • Are the measures taken by the central and the state governments of India sufficient to curb the release of pollutants?
India is the world's fifth-largest producer of global warming gas and emissions (USA leads the race). The problem of pollution is more severe in big cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai.

In India, urban areas are more developed and industrialized than the rural areas, and this attracts still more people to the urban areas. Thus there is more pressure on facilities like transport services, housing and drainage facilities, as well as more production of other goods required by the urban population, which in turn results in the release of large amounts of wastes and pollutants.
1. Suggest some measures that can be taken to control pollution in major cities in India.

2.Discuss the reasons for increasing pollution in the major cities of India.


Global warming, Air and water pollution, environmental pollution, Pollution levels, emission of pollutants, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Supreme Court of India, waste management..

* This caselet is intended for use only in class discussions.
** More comprehensive case studies are priced at Rs.200 to Rs.700 (US $5 to US $16) per copy.