Finalist in the 'Dark Side' Case Competition 2004

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy
Case Code: BECG009
Case Length: 09 Pages
Period: 1980-2001
Pub Date: 2002
Teaching Note: Available
Price: Rs.500
Organization: Union Carbide India Limited
Industry: Chemicals
Countries: India
Themes: Ethics in Business
The Bhopal Gas Tragedy
Abstract Case Intro 1 Case Intro 2 Excerpts


The case gives an overview of the Bhopal gas tragedy. On December 3, 1984, poisonous gas leaked from Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL's) pesticide plant in Bhopal, which killed thousands of people. The case brings out the ethical issues involved in the disaster.

It discusses in detail the reasons behind the disaster. The case discusses the role played by Union Carbide Corporation after the disaster, which seemed to be unethical. It also talks about the role of the GOI and Madhya Pradesh government in the disaster. The case is intended for MBA/PGDBM level students as a part of the Business Ethics Curriculum.


The case is structured to achieve the following teaching objectives:

  • Bhopal Gas Tragedy
  • Reaction of the UCIL
  • Role of government in granting permission
  • Failure of safety measures
  • Delay in Justice



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