Is Tesla Losing Ground in the Global EV Market?

Is Tesla Losing Ground in the Global EV Market?
Case Code: BSTR625
Case Length: 15 Pages
Period: 2016-2021
Pub Date: 2021
Teaching Note: Available
Price: Rs.400
Organization: Tesla Inc.
Industry: Automotive
Countries: United States
Themes: Competitor Analysis, Competitive Environment, Competitive Strategy, Disruption
Is Tesla Losing Ground in the Global EV Market?
Abstract Case Intro 1 Case Intro 2 Excerpts


The case discusses how Tesla found itself lagging behind in some key global markets as its rivals raced ahead with new affordable Electric Vehicle (EV) models. Tesla’s global market share fell to 11% in April 2021 from 29% in March 2021 as it lost ground in China, Europe, and the US where its dominance had been eroded by new competition and price hikes. In the US, Ford Motor Co.’s electric sport-utility vehicle, the Mustang Mach-E, had begun eating into Tesla’s market share, while in Europe, the world’s largest electric-car market, Volkswagen AG beat Tesla to become the top-selling all-electric vehicle maker in 2020. In China, Tesla faced intense competition as several local players flooded the EV space with affordably priced, high performance EVs. Though Tesla was a leader in the EV space with an 18% market share in the global EV market as of October 2020, it was slowly losing ground.

The case highlights the key challenges faced by Tesla including growing competition, phasing out of the Federal tax credit on EVs; cash burnout due to heavy investments in technology and production facilities, launching affordable EV models, and maintaining profitability. It remains to be seen whether Tesla can maintain its lead in the global EV space or if will lose market share to rivals.


The case is structured to achieve the following teaching objectives:

  • Understand the reasons behind Tesla’s success.
  • Understand the characteristics of a Disruptor and a Challenger brand.
  • Understand the importance of competitor analysis for business growth.
  • Identify Tesla’s competitive advantage.
  • Understand the challenges faced by Tesla in the global EV space.
  • Explore the strategies through which Tesla can maintain its dominance in the global EV market.



Competitive Advantage; Disruptor; Competitor Analysis; Challenger; Competitive Strategy; Differentiation; Competitive Environment; Global Electric Vehicle (EV) market;

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