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Chapter Code : SCMC09
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Transportation is one of the major items of cost in a supply chain. As a firm's ability to serve the customers depends on how efficiently and quickly the orders are delivered, transportation management becomes one of the important operations in a supply chain. In this chapter, we first discussed the functions of transportation.
From the carrier's perspective, fixed costs like that for the terminal, information systems, equipment, vehicles, and variable costs like fuel costs, personnel costs, and toll fees need to be evaluated. Later we presented the design options for transportation networks. These are: direct shipment to the retail outlets, direct shipping with Milk Runs, shipments managed from a centralized distribution center, shipping via distribution center using Milk.
Runs and tailored transportation. Then we discussed the trade offs to be made in transportation decisions. There are two important trade-offs that a firm has to make: transportation and inventory cost trade-off, and transportation costs and customer service level trade-off. Finally, we discussed various transportation analysis techniques used by the firms. They are: the heuristic approach, the exact approach, the interactive approach, and the combination approach.
Role of Transportation in a Supply Chain
Function of Transportation in a Supply Chain
Product Movement Product Storage
Participants in Transportation Decisions
The Receiver or Consignee
Costs that Influence Transportation Decisions
Costs Affecting Shipper's Decisions
Transportation Costs Processing Costs Inventory Costs Customer service Level Costs
Costs Affecting Carriers Decisions
Modes of Transport
Transportation Network Design
Direct Shipment Network
Direct Shipping with Milk Runs
Shipments Managed from a Centralized Distribution Center
Shipping via Distribution Center using Milk Runs
Tailored Transportation based on Customer Density and Distance
Tailored Transportation according to the Size of the Customer
Tailored Transportation According to the Product Demand and Value
Trade-offs in Transportation Network Design Decisions
Transportation and Inventory Cost Trade-offs
Choice of Transportation Mode Inventory Aggregation
Trade-offs Between Transportation Cost and Customer Service Level
Transportation Analysis Decisions
Transportation Analysis Techniques