IBS Center for Management Research. ,The chapter discusses about employee training and management development,which aims at improving employee performance,updating employee skills,It also discusses about types of training methods such as on the job and off the job,on-the-job methods of training are job instruction training, apprenticeship and coaching, job rotation, and committee assignments,Off-the-job training methods include classroom lectures; various simulation exercises like case exercises, experiential exercises, computer modeling, vestibule training and role playing; and programmed instruction,It concludes with a discussion on the two categories of development methods are on-the-job development, and off-the-job development,Some of the widely used on-the-job development methods are: coaching, job rotation, under study assignments and multiple management,Off-the-job development methods include simulation exercises, sensitivity training, transactional analysis, conferences and lectures">

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Introduction to Human Resource Management


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Chapter 11 : Employee Training and Management Development

Definition and Purpose of Training, Improving Employee Performance, Updating Employee Skills, Avoiding Managerial Obsolescence, Preparing for Promotion and Managerial Succession, Retaining and Motivating Employees, Creating an Efficient and Effective Organization, Assessing Training Needs, Areas of Training, Importance of Learning, Employee Training Methods, On-the-Job Training, Off-the-Job Training, Evaluation of the Training Programme, Training and Development, Concept of Management Development, Work Roles of Managers, Objectives of Management Development, Process of Management Development, Management Development Methods, On-the-Job Development Methods, Off-the-Job Development Methods, Evaluating a Management Development Programme

Chapter Summary

Training is defined as the systematic development of the knowledge, skills and attitudes required by an individual to perform a given task or job successfully. Training aims at improving the organization's performance through the enhanced performance of its employees. While training helps employees do their current jobs, development prepares individuals to handle future responsibilities.

The major purposes of training are improving employee performance, updating employee skills, avoiding managerial obsolescence, preparing for promotion and managerial succession, and satisfying personal growth needs. Training needs are determined based on the organization's and the employee's needs.

Organizations provide training to employees in the areas of company policies and procedures, specific skills, human relations, and managerial skills. Some organizations also provide apprentice training. There are two types of training methods - on-the-job and off-the-job. In on-the-job training methods, an employee is given training in the actual work situation, where he learns by doing and through direct experience.

Some of the on-the-job methods of training are job instruction training, apprenticeship and coaching, job rotation, and committee assignments. Off-the-job training refers to the training given to an employee away from the immediate work area. Here the employee focuses his attention upon learning from the trainer's lectures or through simulated exercises.

Off-the-job training methods include classroom lectures; various simulation exercises like case exercises, experiential exercises, computer modeling, vestibule training and role playing; and programmed instruction. Systematic evaluation of training activities helps in evaluating the success of the training program.

Training increases productivity, reduces the level of supervision required, reduces accidents related to work and increases organizational stability. Apart from training, an organization should also concentrate on management development. Management development is a systematic process of growth and development by which employees develop their skills and abilities to manage.

It is future oriented and is concerned with education of the employees. Management development improves a manager's ability to understand problems and arrive at solutions. It helps the manager in effective handling of his different work roles like planning, monitoring performance, communication and development. Management development programs are designed to meet specific objectives, which contribute to both employee and organizational effectiveness.

There are several steps in the process of management development. These include reviewing organizational objectives, evaluating the organization's current management resources, determining individual development needs, designing and implementing development programs, and finally, evaluating the effectiveness of these programs.

The two categories of development methods are on-the-job development, and off-the-job development. Some of the widely used on-the-job development methods are: coaching, job rotation, under study assignments and multiple management. Off-the-job development methods include simulation exercises, sensitivity training, transactional analysis, conferences and lectures. To ensure the success of the management development programs, they have to be evaluated from time to time.

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