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Introduction to Human Resource Management


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Chapter 7 : Selection

Concept of Selection, The Selection Process, Selection Method Standards, Reliability, Validity, Generalizability, Utility, Legality, Application Forms, Evaluation of Application Forms, Ethical Issues in Application Form Design, Selection Tests, Intelligence Tests, Aptitude Tests, Achievement Tests, Situational Tests, Interest Tests, Personality Tests, Polygraph Tests, Graphology, Interviews, Preliminary Interview, Selection Interview, Decision Making Interview, The Interview Process, Preparation, Setting, Conduct of Interview, Choosing an Interview, Evaluation, Reference Checks, Medical Examinations, Placement

Chapter Summary

Selection is the process of evaluating the qualifications, experience, skill, knowledge, etc, of an applicant in relation to the requirements of the job to determine his suitability for the job. The selection procedure is concerned with securing relevant information from applicants and selecting the most suitable among them, based on an assessment of how successful the employee would be in the job, if he were placed in the vacant position.

The selection process has two basic objectives: (a) To predict which applicant would be the most successful if selected for the job, and (b) To sell the organization and the job to the right candidate. The selection process is based on the organizational objectives, the job specification and the recruitment policy of the organization. The various selection processes are initial screening, application forms, selection tests, group discussions, interviews and reference checks.

To facilitate a near accurate prediction of an applicant's success on the job, the selection methods should meet several generic standards of reliability, validity, generalizability, utility and legality. The application form is a formal record of an individual's application for employment. It is usually used in the preliminary screening of job applicants.

The filled-in application forms provide pertinent information about the individual and are used in the job interview and for reference checks to determine the applicant's suitability for employment. There are two methods of evaluating these forms the clinical method and the weighted method. Selection tests, which are widely used include intelligence tests, aptitude tests, achievement tests, situational tests, interest tests, and personality tests.

Interviews help managers to fill the gaps in the information obtained through the application blanks and tests. Interviews also enable the management to make an impact on the job applicant's view of the organization, apart from assessing his job-related behavior and attitude. Interviews may be classified as preliminary, selection and decision-making, based on their timing and purpose.

The process of interviewing consists of several steps such as preparation for the interview, ensuring a setting, and conducting, closing and evaluating. The selection process also uses background investigation or reference checks to check the authenticity of the information provided by the applicant. Finally, after an applicant is selected, the offer is made to him and on acceptance, the placement process starts.

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